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The information is accurate as of 31 December 2022.
Data courtesy of Beauhurst.

Analysis Report: Economic and Business Activity in City of London


The City of London showcases a dynamic economic landscape with a strong focus on financial, professional, and technological sectors. The region’s employment profile is robust with 2,795,205 employees, marked by a significant number of companies operating in diverse sectors. The area has seen notable growth in employment, indicating a thriving business environment. However, no recent IPOs have been observed, suggesting a focus on established businesses over new public listings.

Employment and Business Growth

  • Total Employees: With 2,795,205 employees, the City of London has a substantial workforce. The notable increase in employment, with 13,832 companies reporting a rise in employee numbers, indicates a healthy and expanding job market. The 26.08% growth in employment further highlights the city’s economic vitality.
  • Top Sectors by Number of Companies: The leading sectors include Financial and Insurance Activities (14,315 companies), Professional, Scientific, and Technical Activities (12,238 companies), and Administrative and Support Service Activities (9,790 companies), reflecting the city’s diverse economic base.

Sector Dynamics

  • Top Sectors by Growth: The sectors showing significant growth include Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), Internet platforms, and Analytics, indicating a strong tilt towards technology and digital services.
  • Scaleup Companies: The presence of 810 scaleup companies demonstrates a nurturing environment for growing businesses, which is crucial for long-term economic sustainability.

Business Continuity

  • Company Cessations: A total of 9,640 companies ceased operations, which is a critical aspect to monitor for understanding business sustainability in the region.
  • New Companies: There were 8,334 new companies in the last two years, indicating a healthy rate of business creation and entrepreneurial spirit.
  • Patent Owners and Grantees: The presence of 420 patent owners and 69 grantees showcases innovation and a focus on intellectual property, which is vital for long-term competitiveness.
  • Foreign Parent Companies: The presence of 1,798 foreign parent companies illustrates the city’s global business appeal and international connectivity.

Diversity in Leadership

  • Founders’ Gender: Female founders constitute 10.06%, while male founders make up 88.23%. This disparity highlights a gender gap in entrepreneurship.
  • Directors’ Gender: Female directors represent 18.22% compared to 70.80% male directors, indicating a gender imbalance in corporate leadership.


The City of London’s economic landscape is characterised by a strong workforce, diverse sectors with a lean towards technology and professional services, and a supportive environment for business growth. However, the gender disparity in entrepreneurship and leadership positions indicates a need for more inclusive policies. The region’s economic health appears robust, with significant potential for further growth and innovation.

Company foundations and cessations over time

Active companies over time

The information is accurate as of 31 December 2022.
Data courtesy of Beauhurst.